Hill, David


IDENTITY STATEMENT
Reference code(s): GB 0102 MMS Boxes 630-636
Held at: School of Oriental and African Studies Library
Domain: archival
Title: Hill, David
Date(s) of contents: 1822-1917
Level of description: Collection (fonds)
Extent and medium: 7 boxes

CONTEXT

Name of creator(s): Hill | David | 1840-1896 | Methodist missionary in China

Administrative/Biographical history: Born in York, England, 1840; trained at the theological college, Richmond; ordained as a Wesleyan Methodist minister; posted to the Central China mission field, based in Wuchang, Hupeh (Hubei) province; sailed to China, 1864; visited Japan for health reasons, but returned to missionary work in China; his single status made him more mobile than most Protestant missionaries; with a few other missionaries, including the Baptist Timothy Richard, engaged in famine relief work in Shansi (Shanxi) province, 1878-c1880; the experience expanded Hill's ministry in terms of social vision and ecumenism; instrumental in the conversion of Hsi Sheng-mo (Xi Shengmo, d 1896), who was to become an important independent pastor, 1879; visited England, 1881-1882; influential in recruiting other missionaries to China; established a hospital and homes for the aged, the blind, and orphans; helped to found the Central China Religious Tract Society; his evangelistic work extended outside the boundaries of existing Methodist circuits in China, resulting in the formation of the Central China Lay Mission, of which he became superintendent; chairman of the Central China Lay Mission, 1885; elected a member of the Legal Conference, 1888; played a central role in the Shanghai missionary conference as English president, 1891; appointed deputy to the British consul in the investigation into a riot at Wusueh, 1891; attended the Ecumenical Conference in Washington, 1891; visited England, 1891-1893; died of typhus fever at Hankow, 1896. Publication: Mission Work in Central China: a letter to Methodist young men (1882).

Custodial history: The papers were deposited with the Methodist Missionary Society and form part of the special series of biographical papers of individual missionaries.

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited on permanent loan with the records of the Methodist Missionary Society from 1978.

CONTENT AND STRUCTURE

Scope and content/abstract: Papers, 1822-1917, of and relating to the Rev David Hill, including journals, 1865-1889 (some gaps); Hill's notes, sermons and addresses, 1863-1875 and undated, including some lantern slides, the subjects including the Old Testament, missionary work, China, including the opium trade and Chinese literature, and Hill's visit to America; letters from Hill to various members of his family, 1847-1896, and other correspondents, 1873-1895; various letters, 1847-1917, some to Hill, but including miscellaneous others; photographs of Hill and other subjects, including Chinese costumes; books belonging to Hill, 1857-1895, such as Bibles, a prayerbook, and hymnbooks; woodcut for visiting card; correspondence and papers, 1858-1897 and undated, some printed, relating to missionary work and other affairs in China, including anti-foreign riots, 1891; papers, 1877-1881 and undated, relating to the opium trade; Central China Lay Mission cash book, 1894-1899; printed papers, 1822-1917, including material relating to missionary work in China and to Methodism, including Methodism in York.

System of arrangement:

ACCESS AND USE

Language: English and Chinese

Conditions governing access: Unrestricted, but only to be viewed on microfiche. Originals to be consulted only with written agreement from the Methodist Church.

Conditions governing reproduction: No publication without written permission. Apply to archivist in the first instance.

Finding aids: Unpublished handlist.

ALLIED MATERIALS

Related material: The School of Oriental and African Studies holds the records of the Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society (Ref: MMS/WMMS), including Hill's official correspondence (Ref: MMS/WMMS China Correspondence).

Copies: Published on microfiche by IDC Publishers (SOAS ref: Fiche Box Number Special Series 24-9).

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Archivist's note: Compiled by Rachel Kemsley as part of the RSLP AIM25 project. Sources: Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions, ed Gerald H Anderson (1998); Alphabetical Arrangement of Wesleyan Methodist Ministers (1892); Wesleyan Methodist Church Minutes of Conference (1896, pp 47-9); British Library OPAC.

Date(s) of descriptions: Mar 2002


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Accounting
Ancient religions
Asian cultures
Asian literature
Bibles
Chinese literature
Christianity
Christians
Clergy
Crime
Cultural conflicts
Cultural heritage
Cultural interaction
Customs and traditions
Diaries
Drug traffic
Drugs
Evangelistic missionaries
Evangelistic missionary work
Fashion
Finance
Financial administration
Literary forms and genres
Methodism
Methodists
Missionaries
Missionary work
Narcotic drugs
National cultures
National literatures
Nonfiction
Opium
Ordained missionaries
Pharmacology
Photographs
Political movements
Prayer books
Prose
Protestant nonconformists
Protestant nonconformity
Protestantism
Protestants
Religions
Religious activities
Religious doctrines
Religious groups
Religious institutions
Religious movements
Religious practice
Religious texts
Riots
Sermons
Theology
Travel
Travel abroad
Visual materials

Personal names
Hill | David | 1840-1896 | Methodist missionary in China

Corporate names
Central China Lay Mission
Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society

Places
China
East Asia
England
North America
UK
Western Europe
York
Yorkshire