Cousins, (Ethel) Constance


IDENTITY STATEMENT
Reference code(s): GB 0102 MS 380325
Held at: School of Oriental and African Studies Library
Domain: archival
Title: Cousins, (Ethel) Constance
Date(s) of contents: Created 1865-1974
Level of description:
Extent and medium: 4 boxes

CONTEXT

Name of creator(s): Cousins | Ethel Constance | 1882-1944 | medical missionary

Administrative/Biographical history: Constance (Ethel) Cousins was born on 22 September 1882, in Antananarivo (Tananarive), Madagascar. She was the daughter of the Rev. William Edward Cousins, missionary to Madagascar with the London Missionary Society, 1862-1899. By 1885, Constance and her siblings had returned to England, where they attended the Walthamstow Hall School for the daughters of missionaries. Constance then attended Oxford University, gaining first class honours in Physiology in 1904.

In 1911, Constance Cousins' application to serve with the London Missionary Society was turned down on the grounds that she displayed the symptoms of latent epilepsy (a diagnosis never subsequently confirmed). In November 1911, she went to the Almora Sanatorium for Tuberculosis in North India as an unpaid medical assistant. The Church of Scotland ran the Sanatorium and in November 1913 she transferred to the Church of Scotland's medical mission at Kalimpong (North India). Her appointment to the mission staff was confirmed in January 1914. During her period of service at Kalimpong (1913-1923) she was requested to help combat a cholera epidemic in neighbouring Bhutan. Thus, in August 1918, she and her assistant, Nurse Brodie, became the first European women to be admitted to that country. In 1923 Cousins returned as a permanent member of staff to the Almora Sanatorium. She also obtained a diploma from the School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in London. She continued to work at Almora until her death in May 1944.

Custodial history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Donated in 1980.

CONTENT AND STRUCTURE

Scope and content/abstract: Papers, 1865-1974, of and relating to (Ethel) Constance Cousins, including correspondence with her family, photographs, press cuttings and the unpublished typescript biography by her niece Janet E. Cousins. Also includes letters dated 1893-1900 from her father, Rev. William Edward Cousins, chiefly from Madagascar.

System of arrangement: The material has been arranged into seven sections: biography; family letters; education and life in England 1890-1911; early years in India: Almora, North India, 1911-1913; years in Kalimpong 1913-1923 (including a journey to Bhutan, August 1918); the second period at Almora 1923-1944; general.

ACCESS AND USE

Language: English

Conditions governing access: Unrestricted.

Conditions governing reproduction: No publication without written permission. Apply to archivist in the first instance.

Finding aids: Unpublished handlist.

ALLIED MATERIALS

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Date(s) of descriptions: 15 May 2000


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Ancient religions
Anglicanism
Asian cultures
Biographies
Children of missionaries
Christianity
Clergy
Diseases
Educational systems
Health services
Lay missionaries
Literary forms and genres
Medical centres
Medical missionaries
Medical missionary work
Missionaries
Missionary work
National cultures
Newspaper press
Ordained missionaries
Pathology
Photographs
Press
Press cuttings
Prose
Protestantism
Religions
Religious activities
Religious groups
Religious institutions
Religious movements
Students
Travel
Travel abroad
Tuberculosis
Visual materials
Women missionaries
Women students
Women's education
Women's missionary work

Personal names
Cousins | Ethel Constance | 1882-1944 | medical missionary x Cousins | Constance
Cousins | Janet E | fl 1947-1974
Cousins | William Edward | b 1840 | missionary
Cousins | family | of England and Madagascar

Corporate names
Church of Scotland
Church of Scotland medical mission | Kalimpong, India
Church of Scotland sanatorium for tuberculosis | Almora, India
Missionary Society x LMS | London Missionary Society x London Missionary Society
University of Oxford x Oxford University

Places
Almora
Asia
Bhutan
Druk-Yul
East Africa
India
Kalimpong
Madagascar
South Asia
Uttar Pradesh
West Bengal