Edinburgh World Missionary Conference

Reference code(s): GB 1835 ECM
Held at: Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide (formerly known as the Henry Martyn Centre)
Domain: archival
Title: Edinburgh World Missionary Conference
Date(s) of contents: c1823 - c1990
Level of description: Fonds
Extent and medium: 291 files and one microfilm.


Name of creator(s): World Missionary Conference (Edinburgh, 1910)

Administrative/Biographical history: The World Missionary Conference (WMC) was held in Edinburgh in 1910 broke new ground and became the prototype for the world-wide ecumenical conferences that followed. It was three years in the planning and 1,200 representatives of most of the major Christian denominations, with the notable exceptions of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches, attended. The one great action was to create a Continuation Committee to carry out internationally what the WMC had begun. It also led, directly or indirectly, to the rise of the major non-Roman ecumenical structures, most notably the World Council of Churches. Another result of the conference was the encouragement of unity and church union in Asia and Africa.

See also:
W. H. Temple Gairdner, Edinburgh 1910: an account and interpretation of the World Missionary Conference (Edinburgh: Oliphant Anderson & Ferrier, 1910).
William Richey Hogg, Ecumenical foundations: a history of the International Missionary Council and its nineteenth-century background (New York: Harper & Bros., 1952).

Custodial history:

Immediate source of acquisition: The collection was donated by the Reverend Kenneth Cracknell in 1996 whilst he was President of the Cambridge Theological Federation.


Scope and content/abstract: The collection, which consists of photocopies of documents and articles, can be divided into two sections.
Firstly there are the replies to the questionnaires sent out on behalf of the conference to missionaries in the field; in particular to question four - the missionary message in relation to non-Christian religions. The missionaries are mainly located in Africa and Asia but there are also respondents in South America and Eastern Europe.
Secondly, there are a series of over 100 articles, mostly copies from missionary journals and other publications, covering the background to the conference, an analysis of the replies to the questionnaires as well as assorted articles on missions, many by the missionaries who were in the field at the time of the conference. Dates of publication range from 1823 to 1991.
The collection includes material relating to:
Charles Freer Andrews, James Whitford Bashford, Reginald Stephen Coplestone, George Sherwood Eddy, John Nicol Farquhar, Dr Charlotte Ferguson-Davie, Alexander Garden Fraser, Donald Fraser, William Henry Temple Gairdner, Wilfred Barbrooke Grubb, Henry Gulliford, Henry Theodore Hodgkin, Alfred George Hogg, George Howells, Robert Allen Hume, Kajinosuke Ibuka, Henry Harris Jessup, John Peter Jones, Copland King, Albertus Christiaan Kruyt, George Alfred Lefroy, Johannes Lepsius, Arthur Lloyd, Bernard Lucas, Donald MacGillivray, Nichol MacNichol, Campbell Naismith Moody, Arthur Evans Moule, Robert Hamill Nassau, Ramabai Dongre Medhevi (Pandita Ramabai Sarasvati), Timothy Richard, David Bowman Schneder, William Ambrose Shedd, Thomas Ebenezer Slater, Stanley P Smith, Arthur Henderson Smith, William St. Clair Tisdall, Johannes Warneck, Elwood Morris Wherry, Henry Whitehead, Samuel Graham Wilson, and Samuel Marinus Zwemer.

System of arrangement: Files are divided into two sections - the answers to the questionnaires and the articles on missions. Within each section they are subdivided by alphabetical order of the names of the respondent or author. There is also a microfilm of original documents, letters, commissions and reports relating to various aspects of Christian missions in Africa, Asia and Latin America.


Language: English.

Conditions governing access: Please refer to the repository.

Conditions governing reproduction:

Finding aids: A hand-list detailing each respondent and each article is available.


Related material: The Henry Martyn Centre also holds the papers of the Cambridge Committee for Christian Work in Delhi.

Aberdeen University, Special Libraries and Archives also holds records of the World Missionary Conference, Edinburgh, 1910.

The University of Birmingham, Orchard Learning Resources Centre holds Papers of the Edinburgh Conference Continuation Committee.

Copies: Can be provided.


Note: Compiled using:
Concise dictionary of the Christian world mission, ed. by Stephen Neill, Gerald H. Anderson and John Goodwin (London: Lutterworth Press, 1970).
Biographical dictionary of Christian missions, ed. by Gerald H. Anderson (New York: Simon & Schuster Macmillan, 1998).
A dictionary of Asian Christianity, ed. by Scott W. Sunquist (Cambridge: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2001).

Date(s) of descriptions: April 2001

Adult education institutions
Ancient religions
Communication process
Field work
Group communication
Missionary societies
Missionary training institutions
Missionary work
Primitive religions
Religious activities
Religious groups
Religious organizations
Research work
Training centres

Personal names
Andrews | Charles Freer | 1871-1940 | Anglican missionary and political campaigner
Bashford | James Whitford | 1848-1919 | Methodist Bishop in China
Coplestone | Reginald Stephen | 1835-1925 | Bishop of Calcutta and Metropolitan of the Church of India 1902-1913
Eddy | George Sherwood | 1871-1963 | secretary of the American Student Volunteer Movement in India
Farquhar | John Nicol | 1861-1929 | educational missionary
Ferguson-Davie | Charlotte | ? -1943 | medical missionary
Fraser | Alexander Garden | 1873-1962 | missionary educator
Fraser | Donald | 1870-1933 | co-founder of the Student Volunteer Movement in Britain
Gairdner | William Henry Temple | 1873-1928 | canon and Church Missionary Society missionary in Egypt
Grubb | Wilfred Barbrooke | 1865-1930 | Anglican missionary and explorer
Gulliford | Henry | 1852-1937 | Wesleyan missionary
Hodgkin | Henry Theodore | 1877-1933 | missionary and administrator
Hogg | Alfred George | 1875-1954 | educational missionary in India
Howells | George | 1871-1955 | missionary and educator in India
Hume | Robert Allen | 1847-1929 | American Congregational missionary in India Ibuka | Kajinosuke | 1854-1940 | pioneer pastor and educator
Jessup | Henry Harris | 1823-1910 | Presbyterian missionary in Syria and the Lebanon
Jones | John Peter | 1847-1916 | American Congregationalist missionary
King | Copland | 1863-1918 | co-founder of the New Guinea Anglican Mission
Kruyt | Albertus Christiaan | 1869-1949 | Dutch Reformed Church missionary
Lefroy | George Alfred | 1854-1919 | Head of the Cambridge Mission Brotherhood, 1885-1899, Head of the Delhi Mission, 1891-1899 and Bishop of Lahore
Lepsius | Johannes | 1858-1926 | founder of the Deutscher Hilfsbund Mission
Lloyd | Arthur | 1852-1911 | missionary with the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Japan
Lucas | Bernard | 1860-1921 | missionary and founder of the United Theological College in Bangalore
MacGillivray | Donald | 1862-1931 | Canadian Presbyterian missionary to China
MacNichol | Nichol | 1870-1952 | missionary and scholar of Hinduism
Medhevi | Ramabai | 1858-1922 | née Dongre | Indian Christian social reformer | called Pandita Ramabai Sarasvati
Moody | Campbell Naismith | 1866-1940 | Presbyterian missionary in Taiwan
Moule | Arthur Evans | 1836-1918 | Church Missionary Society missionary in China
Nassau | Robert Hamill | 1835-1921 | ordained minister and medical doctor in Equatorial Guinea and Gabon
Pandita Ramabai Sarasvati x Medhevi | Ramabai
Richard | Timothy | 1845-1919 | Baptist missionary in China
Schneder | David Bowman | 1887-1938 | Reformed Church Mission missionary and teacher in Japan
Shedd | William Ambrose | 1865-1918 | missionary in Iran with the Presbyterian Church of the USA
Slater | Thomas Ebenezer | 1840-1912 | missionary with the London Missionary Society in India
Smith | Arthur Henderson | 1845-1932 | missionary to China with the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions
Smith | Stanley P | 1861-1931 | English missionary and one of the "Cambridge Seven" with the China Inland Mission
Tisdall | William St Clair | 1859-1928 | Church Missionary Society missionary to Muslims in Lahore and to Iran
Warneck | Johannes | 1867-1944 | missionary with the Rhenish Mission in Sumatra
Wherry | Elwood Morris | 1843-1927 | American Presbyterian missionary, teacher and scholar in North India
Whitehead | Henry | 1853-1947 | Bishop of Madras 1899-1922
Wilson | Samuel Graham | 1858-1916 | American Presbyterian missionary to the Armenian peoples of Iran
Zwemer | Samuel Marinus | 1867-1952 | Doctor | founder of the Arabian Mission of the Reformed Church of America

Corporate names
American Arabian Mission
American Baptist Missionary Union
American Congregational Church
American Madura Mission
American Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions
American Presbyterian Mission
American Southern Baptist Mission
Anglican Church
Baptist Missionary Society
Basel German Evangelical Missionary Society
Cambridge Mission in India
Canadian Presbyterian Church
China Inland Mission
Christian Literature Society for China
Church Missionary Society
Church of England Oxford Mission to Calcutta
Church of Scotland
Church of the Province of South Africa
Deutscher Hilfsbund Mission
Dutch Missionary Society
Dutch Missionary Union
Dutch Reformed Church
Dutch Reformed Church in America
Egypt General Mission
English Presbyterian Mission
Episcopal Church, U.S.A.
Evangelical National Society of Stockholm
Friends' Foreign Missionary Association
German Orient Mission
Java Committee in Amsterdam
London Missionary Society
Lutheran Mission
Methodist Episcopal Church
Mission Evangelical Society
Missions of the Christian Church, U.S.A.
Nederlandsche Zendings Vereening
New Guinea Anglican Mission
Presbyterian Church in Canada
Presbyterian Church of England
Reformed Church Mission
Reformed Church in America
Rhenish Missionary Association
Scottish Churches Mission
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel
South American Missionary Society, Church of England
Southern Presbyterian Church Mission
Student Volunteer Movement
United Free Church of Scotland
United Presbyterian Church of the USA
Wesleyan Methodist Church
Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society
Winchester Diocesan Missionary Brotherhood
World Missionary Conference | 1910 | Edinburgh
Young Mens' Christian Association
Zenana Bible and Medical Mission

Caucasian States
Central Africa
East Africa
East Asia
Eastern Europe
Equatorial Guinea
Latin America
Middle East
New Guinea
North Africa
South Africa
South America
South Asia
Southern Africa
Sri Lanka
Syrian AR
West Africa