Venn MSS


IDENTITY STATEMENT
Reference code(s): GB 0150 CMS/ACC81
Held at: Birmingham - University of, Information Services, Special Collections Department
Domain:
Title: Venn MSS
Date(s) of contents: 1619-circa 1955
Level of description: Sub-fonds
Extent and medium: 18 boxes

CONTEXT

Name of creator(s):

Administrative/Biographical history: The collection relates to the following generations of the Venn family:
First generation
Henry Venn (1725-1797):
Son of Richard Venn (1691-1740); M.A. Jesus College, Cambridge, 1749; fellow of Queens' College, Cambridge, 1749-1757; curate of Clapham, 1754; vicar of Huddersfield, 1759; rector of Yelling; published sermons and devotional works. He married Eling Bishop (d c 1767, daughter of Rev Thomas Bishop, minister of St Mary-le-Tower, Ipswich); his children included a son, John (1759-1813) and daughters, Catherine and Jane.
Second generation
John Venn (1759-1813):
Only son of Henry Venn (1725-1797); B.A. Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, 1786, M.A. 1786; ordained deacon 1782 and priest, 1783; curate to his father at Yelling, later rector of Little Dunham, Norfolk, 1783-1792, then rector of Clapham, Surrey 1792-1813 and of Great Tey, Essex, 1804-1813. He was one of the founders of Church Missionary Society in 1797, the central figure of the Clapham 'Sect' and a friend of Charles Simeon (1759-1836), another founding member of the CMS. He married twice: Katherine King (daughter of William King, merchant of Hull) and Frances Turton (daughter of John Turton of Sugnal near Eccleshall, Staffs). Children from his first marriage included Emelia (1794-1881), Henry (1796-1873), John (1802-1890), Caroline (who married Rev S. E. Batten) and Jane.
Third generation
Henry Venn (1796-1873):
Eldest son of John Venn (1759-1813); B.A. Queens' College Cambridge, 1818, M.A. 1821, B.D. 1828; Fellow of Queens' College, Cambridge, 1819-1829; ordained deacon, 1819 and priest, 1821; curate of St Dunstan-in-the-West; returned to Cambridge, 1824 as dean and college lecturer; vicar of Drypool, Hull, 1827 and rector of St John's Holloway, London, 1834-1847; prebendary of St Paul's, 1846; honorary secretary of the Church Missionary Society, 1841-1873. He published sermons, pamphlets and memoirs including Life and Letters of Henry Venn (his grandfather) and Missionary Life of Xavier. He was a leader of the Evangelical body of the Church of England and a member of the Royal Commissions on Clerical Subscriptions and Ritual Reform. He married Martha Sykes (d 1840, daughter of Nicholas Sykes of Swanland near Hull); his children included Henrietta (1832-1902), John (1834-1923) and Henry (1838-1923).
John Venn (1802-1890):
Second son of John Venn (1759-1813); East India College, Haileybury, 1818-1820 and went to India as a Cadet but invalided home; B.A. Queens' College, Cambridge 1827, M.A. 1830; Fellow of Queens' College, Cambridge, 1829-1834; ordained deacon, 1828 and priest, 1829; curate of St Mary-le -Strand, London, 1828-1829 and of Pinner, Middlesex, 1830-1833; vicar of St Peter's with St Owen's, Hereford, 1833-1870; prebendary of Hereford, 1843-1868. He provided a steam corn mill for the benefit of the poor and started an Industrious Aid Society. He was author of a number of theological works including 'St Paul's Three Chapters on Holiness' and 'Commentary on St Paul's Epistle to the Galatians'. He was unmarried.
Fourth generation
John Venn (1834-1923):
Son of Henry Venn (1796-1873); B.A. Caius College, Cambridge, 1857, M.A. 1860, DSc., 1884; Fellow of Caius College, Cambridge, 1857-1923; President, 1912-1923; ordained deacon in 1858 and priest in1859; curate of Cheshunt, Herts, 1858-1859 and of Mortlake, Surrey, 1860-1862; lecturer in Moral Science at the University of Cambridge from 1862, Hulsean Lecturer in 1869 and one of those involved in the development of the Moral Sciences Tripos. His publications included Logic of Chance, 1866, 3rd edn 1888; Hulsean Lectures, 1869; Symbolic Logic, 1881, 2nd edn 1894; and Empirical Logic, 1889, 2nd edn 1907. In his later life he devoted himself to the publication of University and College records which included Biographical History of Gonville and Caius College, 3 vols 1901. He also collaborated with his son on the preparation of Part 1 of 'Alumni Cantabrigienses' and 'Matriculations and Degrees 1544-1659'. He was also interested in the history and genealogy of the Venn family and published the Venn Family Annals, 1904. He married Susanna Carnegie Edmondstone (daughter of Rev Charles Welland Edmondstone) and had one son, John Archibald Venn (1881-1958)
Fifth generation
John Archibald Venn (1881-1958):
Son of John Venn (1834-1923); B.A. Trinity College, Cambridge, 1902; Fellow of Queens College Cambridge, 1927; Lecturer in the History and Economics of Agriculture, University of Cambridge, 1921-1949; President of Queens' College, Cambridge, since 1932 and Vice-Chancellor, 1941-1943; publications included 'The Book of Matriculations and Degrees, 1544-1659; 'Alumni Cantabrigienses'; 'Foundations of Agricultural Economics' (2nd edn 1933);and numerous contributions to the Economic Journal and other periodicals; married Lucy Marion Ridgeway (daughter of Professor Sir William Ridgeway).
Sources: Alumni Cantabrigienses, Part II (Cambridge University Press, 1954); editions of Who Was Who

Custodial history: Presented to the CMS by a member of the Venn family in 1958 and transferred on permanent loan to the Special Collections Department by the CMS in the 1980s.
In 1950, when the Venn MSS were in private hands, the papers were arranged and listed by staff of the Historical Manuscripts Commission and allocated National Register of Archives reference numbers. The NRA list was revised by the CMS in 1958 and allocated different reference numbers. Some items on the NRA list were not found and others could not be identified with certainty.
The following list gives the NRA reference first and then, where possible, the corresponding CMS reference (the CMS references should all prefixed by CMSACC81):
NRA 1 = T1
NRA 2 = T5
NRA 3 = T2
NRA 4 = T6
NRA 5 = T3
NRA 6 = T7
NRA 7 = T8
NRA 8 = T9
NRA 9 = T4
NRA 10 = T10
NRA 11 = F46
NRA 11A = F47, F45
NRA 11B = F45
NRA 11C =
NRA 11D = F42
NRA 12 = F37
NRA 13 = F43
NRA 14 = F44
NRA 14A = C75
NRA 15 = F2, F6
NRA 15A = F63
NRA 15B = F6
NRA 16 = F6
NRA 16A = F6
NRA 17 = F6
NRA17A =
NRA 17B = F5
NRA 17C = F48
NRA 17D= F22
NRA 18 = F17
NRA 18A= F18
NRA 19 =
NRA 20 = F60
NRA 20A = F1
NRA 21 = F30
NRA 21A =
NRA 21B = F50
NRA 22 =
NRA 23 = F60
NRA 23A =
NRA 23B =
NRA 23C =
NRA23D =
NRA 23E =
NRA 23F = F60
NRA 24 = F62
NRA 24A = F35
NRA 24B = F40
NRA 24C = F36
NRA 24D = F38
NRA 24E = F41
NRA 24F= Q1
NRA 25 = Q2
NRA 26 = C17, C18
NRA 27 =
NRA 27A = C16A
NRA 27B = C16
NRA 28 = C16A
NRA 28A = C16A
NRA 29 = C1-C16A
NRA 30 = C65-C67
NRA 31 = C49-C64
NRA 32 =
NRA 33 = C1
NRA 34 = C1-C16A
NRA 35 = C19
NRA 36 = C23
NRA 37 = C49
NRA 38 = C22
NRA 39 =
NRA 40 = C21
NRA 41= C68
NRA 42 =
NRA 43 = C19
NRA 44 = C48
NRA 45 =
NRA 46 = C31-C34
NRA 47 = C69
NRA 48 = C30
NRA 49 =
NRA 50 = C20
NRA 51 = C24
NRA 52 = C32
NRA 53 = C38
NRA 54 = C35
NRA 55 = C39
NRA 56 = C35
NRA 57 = C28
NRA 58 =
NRA 59 = C74
NRA 60 = C33
NRA 60A = C35
NRA 61 =
NRA 61A = C37
NRA 62 = C40
NRA 62A = C36
NRA 63 =
NRA 64 = C42
NRA 65 = C45
NRA 66 = F75
NRA 67 = F33
NRA 68 = F3
NRA 68A = F4
NRA 69 = F10
NRA 70 = F8
NRA 70A= F11
NRA 71 = F12
NRA 72 = F24
NRA 73 = F13
NRA 74 = F14
NRA 74A = F15
NRA 74B = F39
NRA 75 = F16
NRA 76 = F23
NRA 76A = Z23
NRA 76B = F19
NRA 76C = F20
NRA 76D = F29
NRA 77 = F21
NRA 77A = F28
NRA 77B = F31
NRA 78 = F9
NRA 79 = Q12
NRA 80 = Q3
NRA 81 = Q6
NRA 82 = Q8
NRA 83 = Q9
NRA 84 = Q4
NRA 85 = Q5
NRA 86 = Q10
NRA 87 = Q11
NRA 88 = Z5
NRA 89 = Z6
NRA 90 = F55
NRA 91 =
NRA 92 =
NRA 92A = F56
NRA 92B = F54
NRA 93 = F73
NRA 94 =
NRA 95 = C64
NRA 96 = F49

Immediate source of acquisition:

CONTENT AND STRUCTURE

Scope and content/abstract: This collection comprises personal and family papers of five generations of the Venn family, a family of Anglican clergy and a number of whom graduated from the University of Cambridge. The collection principally relates to Henry Venn (1725-1797) and to his direct descendants including his son John Venn (1759-1813), grandson Henry Venn (1796-1873) and his great grandson John Venn (1834-1923) and their families. Two members of this family were directly involved with the Church Missionary Society: John Venn (1759-1813) as a founder of the CMS and Henry Venn (1796-1873) as honorary secretary of the Church Missionary Society, 1841-1873. The collection also contains papers of related families including the King family of Hull (related by the marriage of Katherine to John Venn, 1759-1813).
The collection includes substantial family and personal correspondence; personal diaries including numerous travel journals both of journeys in the British Isles and abroad; household and personal accounts; genealogical notes and biographical and autobiographical reminiscences and materials; papers relating to clerical and other appointments; religious papers and printed materials. Both male and female members of the family are well represented in the collection and some of the documents are extremely detailed. The collection owes much to John Venn's work who published the Annals of the Venn family in 1904 and he in turn acknowledged the work of his grandfather, John Venn, who encouraged the collection of family reminiscences and memoirs.
Items include travel diaries relating to tours of France, Belgium and Switzerland and a domestic diary of Emelia Venn, 1815-32; correspondence and papers of John Venn, (1802-1890), including a journal of voyage to India, autobiographical notes and personal accounts, 1820-67; correspondence, diaries and papers of Henry Venn (1796-1873), 1810-73 which include two diaries relating to Church Missionary Society matters. Miscellaneous items include two log books of the East India Company's ship 'Hindostan' relating to its voyage to Bombay and China, 1796-1800

System of arrangement: This collection forms part of the Church Missionary Society Unofficial Papers. It is arranged into the following series: Title Deeds, Family Papers (divided into sub-series by document type and further sub-divided by family member), Charity and Ecclesiastical, Correspondence (divided into sub-series by family member) and Miscellaneous Papers. Catalogued by R. A. Keen, September-November 1959. Calendar of C35 & C36 by D. White, January 1960

ACCESS AND USE

Language: English

Conditions governing access: Open Access to all registered readers

Conditions governing reproduction:

Finding aids: A paper copy of the catalogue to this collection is available for consultation in the Special Collections Department reading room.

ALLIED MATERIALS

Related material: The Special Collections Department holds the Church Missionary Society Archive, the official archive of the society (GB 0150 CMS) and this includes papers relating to John Venn (1759-1813) as a founder of the CMS and Henry Venn (1796-1873) as honorary secretary of the Church Missionary Society, 1841-1873. The CMS Unofficial Papers includes records of the Eclectic Society of London of which John Venn was a member and which was instrumental in the founding of the CMS (GB 0150 CMS/ACC11)

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Date(s) of descriptions: Created 17/08/2001, modified 16/09/2002


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