Lenwood, Frank

Reference code(s): GB 0102 CWM/LMS Home Personal Boxes 7-9
Held at: School of Oriental and African Studies Library
Domain: archival
Title: Lenwood, Frank
Date(s) of contents: c1870-1959
Level of description: Collection (fonds)
Extent and medium: 3 boxes


Name of creator(s): Lenwood | Frank | 1874-1934 | Congregational minister and missionary

Administrative/Biographical history: Born in Sheffield, England, 1874; son of the Rev Walter Lenwood (1843-1918, formerly Peppercorn) and Charlotte (née Pye-Smith); brother of Dr Norah Bryson (1876-1947, medical missionary to Peking) and of Maida Leith (1881-1939, missionary to Madras); studied at Corpus Christi and Mansfield Colleges, Oxford; MA, University of Oxford; assistant minister at Queen Street, Wolverhampton, 1900-1901; tutor at Mansfield College, 1901-1906; married Gertrude Margaret Wilson (d 1971), 1903; visited London Missionary Society (LMS) mission stations in China and India, 1907-1908; ordained at Mansfield College, 1909; LMS missionary in Benares, 1909-1912; visited England on medical advice, 1912; foreign secretary of the LMS, 1912-1925; with his wife, visited India with a deputation from the LMS, 1913-1914; deputational visit to Australia, the South Seas and Papua, 1915-1916; visited India with an LMS deputation, 1922-1923; Honorary Director of the LMS, 1926; pastor of Greengate Congregational Church, Plaistow, 1926-1934; died in France following a climbing accident, 1934. For further information see Roger Wilson, Frank Lenwood (1936). Publications: Sermon preached ... before leaving for mission work ... at Benares (1909); Pastels from the Pacific (1917); Social Problems and the East: a Point of Honour (1919); Forces of the Spirit (1925); Modern Problems in the South Seas [1925]; W G Lawes: the scholar as pioneer [1926]; R K Evans [1928]; Jesus - Lord or Leader? (1930); Why all this Fuss about `Sweeps'? (1931); Gambling - why not? (1934).

Custodial history: The papers were deposited with the London Missionary Society and form part of the special series of personal papers of individual LMS missionaries and officers.

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited on permanent loan with the records of the London Missionary Society by the Congregational Council for World Mission (later Council for World Mission) in 1973.


Scope and content/abstract: Correspondence and papers, c1870-1959, of and relating to Frank Lenwood, including papers and correspondence, c1870-1920, concerning his parents Walter and Charlotte Lenwood; his early essays and press cuttings about him, c1881-1910; letters to his parents and correspondence about his schooling, 1882-1895; letters received from various correspondents, 1893-1933; printed circulars and personal letters from Lenwood and his wife Gertrude from trips to London Missionary Society (LMS) missions in China, India, Benares, the South Seas and Papua, 1906-1916, 1922; letters to various correspondents on religious and personal matters, 1916-1934, including his connection with Greengate Congregational Church; notebooks relating to preaching, 1926-1934 and undated; working papers on the `Oxford Group' movement, c1931-1933; copies of his articles and pamphlets, 1900-1933; copy of An order for the Solemnization of Matrimony ... with an order for the Burial of the Dead, undated, with annotations by Lenwood, 1900-1934 where dated; extracts from his diaries and letters, 1893-1935, for the use of his biographer, and reviews of the biography, 1936-1937; correspondence about the disposal of his books and papers, 1959.

System of arrangement:


Language: English

Conditions governing access: Unrestricted.

Conditions governing reproduction: No publication without written permission. Apply to archivist in the first instance.

Finding aids: Unpublished handlist.


Related material: The School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) holds the records of the London Missionary Society (Ref: CWM/LMS), which include Lenwood's candidate's papers (Ref: CWM/LMS Candidates' Papers Box 21 No 7); papers concerning Lenwood's deputational visit to the South Seas and Papua, including copies of his letters, 1898-1916 (Ref: CWM/LMS South Seas Miscellaneous Boxes 8-10); reports by Lenwood, 1921, 1923 (Ref: CWM/LMS Central Africa Reports Box 5 Files 38, 40); copy letter by Lenwood [1924] (Ref: CWM/LMS South China Reports Box 6 File 59); photographs taken by Lenwood in the Cook Islands (Ref: CWM/LMS South Seas Photographs Box 5 File 25); group photograph including Lenwood, 1914 (Ref: CWM/LMS Home Photographs Box 1 File 2); group photograph including Lenwood in India (Ref: CWM/LMS India Photographs Box 5 File 23); head and shoulders photograph of Lenwood (Ref: CWM/LMS General Portraits Box 3); tributes by members of the Board of Directors of the London Missionary Society to Lenwood, 1934 (Ref: CWM/LMS Home Miscellaneous Box 14/5); and obituaries, 1934 (Ref: CWM/LMS Home Personal Box 5/5). SOAS also holds correspondence of Lenwood dating from 1919-1929 (Ref: IMC/CBMS Box 512 File 3) and 1921-1923, 1925 (Ref: IMC/CBMS India Archive Box 393 File 5; ibid Box 419 File 10); papers of James Trenchard Hardyman, including undated information on Lenwood (Ref: PP MS 63 Box 58 File 104).

Copies: Published on microfiche by IDC Publishers.


Archivist's note: Compiled by Rachel Kemsley as part of the RSLP AIM25 project. Sources: LMS Register of Missionaries, ed James Sibree; National Register of Archives; British Library OPAC.

Date(s) of descriptions: Feb 2002

Ancient religions
Book reviews
Evangelistic missionaries
Evangelistic missionary work
Learning methods
Literary criticism
Literary forms and genres
Marriage ceremony
Mission administration
Mission policy
Missionary deputations
Missionary societies
Missionary work
Newspaper press
Ordained missionaries
Press cuttings
Protestant nonconformists
Protestant nonconformity
Religious activities
Religious belief
Religious ceremony
Religious groups
Religious institutions
Religious movements
Religious organizations
Religious practice

Personal names
Lenwood | Charlotte | fl 1874 | née Pye-Smith x Smith | Charlotte | Pye- x Pye-Smith | Charlotte
Lenwood | Frank | 1874-1934 | Congregational minister and missionary
Lenwood | Gertrude Margaret | d 1971 | née Wilson x Wilson | Gertrude Margaret
Lenwood | Walter | 1843-1918 | minister | formerly Peppercorn x Peppercorn | Walter

Corporate names
Greengate Congregational Church | Plaistow, east London
Missionary Society x LMS | London Missionary Society x London Missionary Society

Asia and the Pacific
East Asia
Papua New Guinea
South Asia
Western Europe