Pollard, Samuel


IDENTITY STATEMENT
Reference code(s): GB 0102 MMS Boxes 639-640
Held at: School of Oriental and African Studies Library
Domain: archival
Title: Pollard, Samuel
Date(s) of contents: 1885-1915
Level of description:
Extent and medium: 2 boxes

CONTEXT

Name of creator(s): Pollard | Samuel | 1864-1915 | missionary

Administrative/Biographical history: Born in Camelford, Cornwall, 1864; his father, Samuel Pollard, and his mother were preachers with the Bible Christian Church (from 1907 part of the United Methodist Church); converted, c1875; initially prepared for a career in the civil service, but a London conference influenced him to become a missionary, 1885; appointed Bible Christian missionary, 1886; sailed for China, 1887; attended Ganking Language School, 1887; posted to Yunnan province, 1888; went to Chaotung (Zhaotong), where a new station was opened, 1891; married Emmie (née Hainge), 1891; assigned to the provincial capital (now Kunming); engaged in evangelistic work; worked with the Flowery Miao (A-Hmao, a minority tribe), among whom started in Anshun, Kweichow (Guizhou) province, a religious movement which spread to Chaotung, from c1905; Pollard became its most prominent missionary leader; established a centre for thousands of new believers at Shihmenkan; travelled extensively, planting churches, training leaders, and soliciting justice for Miao Christians from officials and landlords; developed a new script which he used to translate the New Testament into the Miao language; died from typhoid fever while in service as a missionary, 1915. Publications: Tight Corners in China (second edition [1913]); with Henry Smith and F J Dymond, The Story of the Miao (1919); In Unknown China: observations, adventures and experiences of a pioneer missionary (1921); Eyes of the Earth: the diary of Samuel Pollard, ed R Elliott Kendall (1954).

Custodial history: The papers were deposited with the Methodist Missionary Society and form part of the special series of biographical papers of individual missionaries.

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited on permanent loan with the records of the Methodist Missionary Society from 1978.

CONTENT AND STRUCTURE

Scope and content/abstract: Papers, 1885-1915, of the Rev Samuel Pollard, comprising 12 diaries, 1885-1915, describing life and work in China; manuscript and typescript accounts and letters by Pollard and cuttings by Pollard and other authors, 1900s-1910s (some undated), describing missionary work and life and customs in China, including remote regions; eight photographs, undated, including local people, Pollard, and Pollard's grave.

System of arrangement:

ACCESS AND USE

Language: English and Chinese (Hua Miao dialect)

Conditions governing access: Unrestricted, but only to be viewed on microfiche. Originals to be consulted only with written agreement from the Methodist Church.

Conditions governing reproduction: No publication without written permission. Apply to archivist in the first instance.

Finding aids: Unpublished handlist.

ALLIED MATERIALS

Related material: The School of Oriental and African Studies holds the records of the Bible Christian Home and Foreign Missionary Society (Ref: MMS/BC) and its successor the United Methodist Missionary Society (Ref: MMS/UMMS). SOAS also holds papers used by R Elliott Kendall in his work on Samuel Pollard, comprising letters and papers of and relating to Pollard (Ref: MS 380690); papers of the Parsons family, missionaries who worked among the Miao tribe using the script devised by Pollard (Ref: MS 380686); research papers of Frederick Howard Taylor on the tribes of south-west China, including notes on the life of Samuel Pollard (Ref: CIM Box 11 File 124).

Copies: Published on microfiche by IDC Publishers (SOAS ref: Fiche Box Number Special Series 29-30).

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Archivist's note: Compiled by Rachel Kemsley as part of the RSLP AIM25 project. Sources: Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions, ed Gerald H Anderson (1998); British Library OPAC.

Date(s) of descriptions: Mar 2002


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Ancient religions
Asian cultures
Christianity
Christians
Clergy
Cultural heritage
Customs and traditions
Diaries
Ethnic groups
Evangelistic missionaries
Evangelistic missionary work
Linguists
Literary forms and genres
Methodism
Methodists
Missionaries
Missionary work
National cultures
Nonfiction
Ordained missionaries
Photographs
Prose
Protestant nonconformists
Protestant nonconformity
Protestantism
Protestants
Religions
Religious activities
Religious groups
Religious institutions
Religious movements
Social scientists
Travel
Travel abroad
Tribes
Visual materials

Personal names
Pollard | Samuel | 1864-1915 | missionary in China

Corporate names
Bible Christian Home and Foreign Missionary Society
United Methodist Missionary Society

Places
China
East Asia