Scott Family (North China and Shantung Mission)


IDENTITY STATEMENT
Reference code(s): GB 0102 PP MS 49
Held at: School of Oriental and African Studies Library
Domain: archival
Title: Scott Family (North China and Shantung Mission)
Date(s) of contents: Created 1893-1940
Level of description:
Extent and medium: 3 boxes, 12 volumes

CONTEXT

Name of creator(s): Scott | family | of northern China

Administrative/Biographical history: The North China and Shantung Mission, originally the Church of England North China Mission, was established by anonymous donation in 1872. Several generations of Scott family members served with the Mission, including the Rev. C. P. Scott (1872-1927) and the Rev. P. M. Scott (1909-1931).

The first two missionaries to be sent to the Church of England North China Mission were Rev. Charles Perry Scott and Rev. M. Greenwood. C. P. Scott , born in 1847 and ordained in 1871, had previously served as curate of St. Peter's, Eaton Square. This was the beginning of a long association between the Mission and that parish. The help given to the Chinese during the severe famine of 1878-1879 placed the Mission on a secure footing, and C. P. Scott was made Bishop of North China, a new diocese, in 1880. The Mission, covering parts of Shansi and the Mongolian border, continued under the auspices of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts and was manned by a few European missionaries and a number of Chinese converts. Three missionaries were killed during the Boxer uprising of 1900. The Diocese was divided again in 1903, with North China acquiring the province of Sheng-king and the new diocese of Shantung being created. Around the same time the Mission's name was changed from the North China Mission to the North China and Shantung Mission. C. P. Scott died shortly after his retirement in 1927.

Rev. Francis John Griffith was born around 1870. He and his wife arrived in China in 1894, where he was ordained in 1896. They worked in Tai-an-fu, the oldest station in the mission, under Bishop Geoffrey D. Iliff of Shantung and later under the same bishop at Yenchowfu. He served as chaplain to the British troops in North China in 1900 and carried out further war work during the Great War, arranging the movement of Chinese auxiliary forces to France. He retired in 1934 but died shortly afterwards on 5 May 1934.

Rev. Percy Melville Scott, the son of Canon S. G. Scott, was born around 1877, and educated at Magdalen College, Oxford. After his ordination in 1903, he worked in Southampton and Leeds, before leaving for China. He and his wife Winifred arrived in China in 1909, accompanied by his cousin Charles Wilfred Scott and his wife May. They were stationed in Peking under C. P. Scott's successor, Bishop F. L. Norris. P. M. Scott's longest posting in China was in Tatung Fu (1923-1931). He was involved in the siege of Tatung Fu by the Kuominchun forces in 1926, and went at the request of the city elders on a peace mission to the Kuominchun, which ultimately proved unsuccessful. The Mosse Memorial Hospital, linked with the Mission, was severely damaged in the conflict. P. M. Scott returned to England in 1931, serving as vicar of several parishes before his death around 1950.

Maurice Woodforde Scott, the son of P. M. Scott, was born in Peking in 1912. After returning to England for his education at Marlborough and at St. Edmund's College, Oxford, he joined the firm of Butterfield & Swire and was posted to Shanghai and Hong Kong (1934-1937). Whilst there, he was involved in the Scouting movement. After the war he enrolled in Wells Theological College and was ordained in 1949. His ecclesiastical career was based entirely in England, and he was made Honorary Canon of Winchester Cathedral in 1975 until his partial retirement in 1980. He died in 1983.

Further reading: D MacGillivray, A Century of Protestant Missions in China 1807-1907 (Shanghai, 1907).

Custodial history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Donated in 1993.

CONTENT AND STRUCTURE

Scope and content/abstract: Papers, 1893-1940, of the Rev Charles Perry Scott and the Rev Percy Melville Scott, together with those of fellow missionaries of the North China and Shantung Mission. Also included is a continuous series of the North China and Shantung Mission Quarterly Papers (January 1893-October 1936), and the correspondence and diaries of Maurice Woodforde Scott dating from his time in China with Butterfield & Swire (1934-1937).

System of arrangement: The papers have been arranged into five sections: letters; notebooks and diaries; miscellaneous; cuttings and articles; quarterly papers. Within each section, the papers are in chronological order.

ACCESS AND USE

Language: English

Conditions governing access: Unrestricted.

Conditions governing reproduction: No publication without written permission. Apply to archivist in the first instance.

Finding aids: Unpublished handlist.

ALLIED MATERIALS

Related material: The School of Oriental and African Studies holds the records of John Swire's firm (John Swire & Sons) (Ref: JS&S) whose concerns included trade in China.

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Date(s) of descriptions: 16 May 2000


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Ancient religions
Anglicanism
Anglicans
Boxer Rebellion, 1900-1901
Christianity
Christians
Clergy
Diaries
Evangelistic missionaries
Evangelistic missionary work
International conflicts
International trade
Literary forms and genres
Medical missionary work
Missionaries
Missionary work
Newspaper press
Nonfiction
Ordained missionaries
Press
Press cuttings
Prose
Protestantism
Protestants
Religions
Religious activities
Religious groups
Religious institutions
Religious movements
Trade
Travel
Travel abroad
War
Wives of missionaries

Personal names
Griffith | Francis John | d 1934 | missionary
Scott | Charles Perry | 1847-1927 | missionary
Scott | Maurice Woodforde | 1912-1983 | businessman in China
Scott | Percy Melville | c1877-c1950 | missionary
Scott | Winifred J | fl 1909-1937 | missionary

Corporate names
Butterfield & Swire | merchants
North China and Shantung Mission x Church of England North China Mission x North China Mission
United Society for the Propagation of the Gospel x Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts

Places
Beijing
China
East Asia
Shandong
Shanghai
Shantung