International Missionary Council and Conference of British Missionary Societies: Africa


IDENTITY STATEMENT
Reference code(s): GB 0102 IMC/CBMS/A
Held at: School of Oriental and African Studies Library
Domain: archival
Title: International Missionary Council and Conference of British Missionary Societies: Africa
Date(s) of contents: 1910-1945
Level of description: Sub-fonds
Extent and medium: 135 boxes of archival material.

CONTEXT

Name of creator(s):
International Missionary Council
Conference of British Missionary Societies

Administrative/Biographical history: The archive dates from the period after the World Missionary Conference held in Edinburgh in 1910. The Conference of British Missionary Societies was founded in 1912 with over 40 member missionary societies of various denominations. The International Missionary Council was founded in 1921 and its members comprised interdenominational associations of missionary societies in various countries and interdenominational field bodies. The two bodies shared premises at Edinburgh House, near Sloane Square, London, until the IMC became part of the World Council of Churches in 1961.

Custodial history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited with the archive of the Conference of British Missionary Societies in 1977.

CONTENT AND STRUCTURE

Scope and content/abstract: Joint archive, largely dating from 1910-1945, of the International Missionary Council and Conference of British Missionary Societies, relating to co-operative missionary endeavours in Africa (chiefly British Africa, but also including areas under Belgian, Portuguese and French control).

General files on Africa include records on missionary work and related issues including land rights, colonial administration, diet, co-operative organizations, customs including polygamy, initiation, and witchcraft, medical work, and alcohol traffic; the IMC and its relation to African mission councils; International Institute of African Languages and Cultures; population and health in Africa; Africa Education Group, relating to educational policy, provision and finance, including women's education, training of educational missionaries, African marriage customs and their relation to Christian practice, adult education, and missionary work in rural areas; High Leigh (Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire) Conference (1924) on educational missionary work in Africa; Le Zoute Conference (1926) on missionary work in Africa; educational policy; Advisory Committee on Education in the Colonies, relating to Colonial Office policy (including British colonies outside Africa), the topics including women's education, use of the vernacular and bilingualism, teacher training, language teaching, social and economic development, finance, indigenous art, biology, superannuation, English examinations, and higher education teaching materials, with sections relating to particular African colonies.

Files on East Africa include general records on British colonial policy and administration, agriculture, and Swahili; and education in East Africa. Files on Kenya include records on the Kenya Missionary Council and Christian Council of Kenya; the political situation and land question; indigenous labour and slavery; Indian population; and educational policy, practice, finance, the conscience clause in religious education, women's education, and educational advisor; and correspondence on missionary work and related issues. Files on Tanganyika include records on the Tanganyika Missionary Council, relations between different missionary societies, indigenous life, colonial administration, German and other missions; Tanganyika Mission Property Trust; and education in Tanganyika. Files on Uganda include records on land tenure, education, including women's education, and Swahili; and missionary societies in Ruanda-Urundi. Files on Abyssinia comprise records on missionary work and religious freedom, including the Italian occupation.

Files on West Africa include general records on education, including the Phelps Stokes Commission. Files on the Gold Coast include records on education, colonial administration, the Basel Mission, the Bremen Mission and other missionary societies, the Christian Council of the Gold Coast, medical and educational missionary work. Files on Sierra Leone include records on education. Files on Nigeria include records on the Christian Council of Nigeria and other Christian and missionary organisations and on education. Files on the Cameroons include records on various missionary societies. Files on French Africa include records on education.

Files on French West & Equatorial Africa include records on missionary activity and education. Files on the Congo include records on the Congo Protestant Council, missionary activity and conferences, religious freedom and interdenominational relations including Roman Catholicism; Belgian government policy regarding missions and the Brussels Bureau representing Belgian missions; education; and missionary work of various nations.

Files on Portuguese Africa include records on missionary work, including medical work, and interdenominational relations; religious liberty, Portuguese government policy, and the Lisbon Centre for liaison. Files on Portuguese West Africa include records on the Angola Evangelical Alliance, Portuguese colonial administration, and various missionary societies. Files on Portuguese East Africa include records on the Portuguese East Africa Evangelical Missionary Association, work of various missionary societies, religious liberty and Portuguese government policy.

Files on Central Africa and Nyasaland include records on colonial administration, work of missionary societies, land tenure, indigenous labour and slavery, and on colonial educational policy in Nyasaland. Files on Northern Rhodesia include records on the General Missionary Conference of Northern Rhodesia, colonial administration, mining, and education; and on the United Missions in the Copperbelt, including its foundation, policy, annual reports, finance, miners' unrest, property, education policy, women's work, social welfare, literature and literacy, British Committee, correspondence with other societies, reorganisation, Team/Field Committee, and personnel. Files on Southern Rhodesia include records on the South Rhodesia Missionary Conference, indigenous affairs including land tenure, education, indigenous preachers, and colonial administration. Files on South Africa include records on the General Missionary Conference of South Africa and the Christian Council of South Africa, missionary work, indigenous affairs including land tenure, interethnic relations, and education. Files on South and South West Africa includes records on German missions and indigenous affairs. Files on the protectorates of Swaziland, Basutoland and Bechuanaland include records on education and the transfer of the protectorates to South Africa.

There are also files on the Egypt Mission Property Trust.

System of arrangement: Subfonds of the International Missionary Council and Conference of British Missionary Societies.

ACCESS AND USE

Language: Mainly English; some French, German and Portuguese.

Conditions governing access: Unrestricted.

Conditions governing reproduction: No publication without written permission. Apply to the Archivist in the first instance.

Finding aids: Unpublished handlist (2 volumes) and database.

ALLIED MATERIALS

Related material: The School of Oriental and African Studies holds a microfiche copy of joint archives of the International Missionary Council and Conference of British Missionary Societies: India; records of the Christian Literature Bureau for Africa and its succession by the International Committee on Christian Literature for Africa; the archive of the Conference of British Missionary Societies; and a microfiche copy of the archives of the International Missionary Council.

Copies: Published on microfiche by IDC Publishers, except for the papers on the United Missions in the Copperbelt (Northern Rhodesia).

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Archivist's note:
Compiled by Rachel Kemsley as part of the RSLP AIM25 project, May 2002. Sources:
Rosemary Seton, Guide to archives and manuscript collections (School of Oriental and African Studies, 1994), p 9.
IDC Publishers, Missionary archives on microfiche.

Revised by Caroline Brick on behalf of the Mundus Project, November 2002.

Date(s) of descriptions: May 2002; revised November 2002.


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Adult education
African cultures
African languages
Agricultural economics
Agricultural products
Agriculture
Alcoholic beverages
Ancient religions
Art styles
Asians
Bantu languages
Basic study subjects
Beverages
Bilingualism
Biology
Christianity
Civil and political rights
Clergy
Colonial administration
Colonial countries
Colonization
Cooperatives
Cultural heritage
Customs and traditions
Economics of education
Ecumenicalism
Educational evaluation
Educational finance
Educational levels
Educational missionary work
Educational personnel training
Educational policy
Educational systems
English
Enterprises
Ethnic groups
Evangelistic missionary work
Examinations
Food
Freedom of religion
Freedom of thought
Germanic languages
Health
Higher education
Human rights
Indigenous clergy
Indo-european languages
Initiation rites
Interethnic relations
Labour
Labour disputes
Labour relations
Land economics
Land tenure
Language instruction
Language policy
Languages
Life sciences
Literacy
Magic
Marriage
Medical missionary work
Mining
Mission administration
Mission policy
Missionaries
Missionary societies
Missionary training
Missionary work
Mysticism
National cultures
Pensions (private)
Personnel management
Political systems
Polygamy
Population
Primitive art
Protestantism
Religions
Religious activities
Religious education
Religious groups
Religious institutions
Religious movements
Religious organizations
Retirement
Rites
Roman Catholicism
Rural missionary work
Slavery
Social and economic development
Social science education
Social structure
Social welfare
Student evaluation
Swahili
Teacher education
Teaching materials
Vernacular languages
Vocational education
Witchcraft
Women's education
Women's missionary work

Personal names

Corporate names
Advisory Committee on Education in the Colonies
Africa Education Group
Angola Evangelical Alliance
Basel Mission | Gold Coast
Bremen Mission | Gold Coast
Brussels Bureau | representing Belgian missions
Christian Council of Kenya
Christian Council of Nigeria
Christian Council of South Africa
Christian Council of the Gold Coast
Colonial Office | Advisory Committee on Education in the Colonies
Conference of British Missionary Societies
Conference of Missionary Societies in Great Britain and Ireland
Congo Protestant Council
Egypt Mission Property Trust
General Missionary Conference of Northern Rhodesia
General Missionary Conference of South Africa
High Leigh conference | 1924 | Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire | on educational missionary work in Africa
International Institute of African Languages and Cultures
International Missionary Council
Kenya Missionary Council
Le Zoute conference | 1926 | on missionary work in Africa
Lisbon Centre | for missionary liaison
National Christian Council of Kenya
Phelps Stokes Commission | on African education
Portuguese East Africa Evangelical Missionary Association
South Rhodesia Missionary Conference
Tanganyika Mission Property Trust
Tanganyika Missionary Council
United Missions in the Copperbelt

Places
Africa
Angola
Basutoland
Bechuanaland
Belgium
Botswana
Brussels
Burundi
Cameroon
Central Africa
Copperbelt
East Africa
Egypt
England
Ethiopia
Europe
France
Germany
Ghana
Hertfordshire
Het Zoute
High Leigh
Hoddesdon
Italy
Kenya
Le Zoute
Lesotho
Lisbon
Malawi
Nigeria
North Africa
Portugal
Ruanda
Rwanda
Sierra Leone
South Africa
Southern Africa
Swaziland
Tanzania UR
UK
Uganda
Urundi
Vlaanderen
West Africa
West-Vlaanderen
Western Europe
Zaire
Zambia
Zimbabwe