Leggate, John M.

Reference code(s): GB 0237 Edinburgh University, CSCNWW 12
Held at: Centre for the Study of World Christianity, University of Edinburgh
Title: Leggate, John M.
Date(s) of contents: 1946-1949
Level of description: Fonds
Extent and medium: 1 item (51 pp)


Name of creator(s): Leggate, John M.

Administrative/Biographical history: John M. Leggate, MB ChB, FRCS, was a Church of Scotland medical missionary in Manchuria and the nephew of another medical missionary in Manchuria, Dr Archibald Leggate. He was appointed by the mission in 1933 and retired in 1950. In 1935 he married Grace Cumming Small Clark who had been a Church of Scotland missionary to Manchuria since 1930. With the Japanese occupation of Manchuria the Leggates left China and spent some time in Scotland. Leggate was invited to return in 1946 with an advance party to re-establish the medical work at Moukden. His intention had been that his wife and two children, Grace and John, should join him later but the continuing fighting between communist and nationalist forces meant that the situation was never stable enough for this to happen. After his return to the United Kingdom Leggate was appointed dean of medicine at Liverpool University.

Custodial history: Leggate's original letters home were transcribed by Leggate and his wife in the early 1950s to remove the more personal references.

Immediate source of acquisition: The item was presented to the Centre for the Study of Christianity in the Non-Western World by Mrs Jean Doyle, Edinburgh, in 1996 with Mrs Leggate's permission.


Scope and content/abstract: The collection is a transcription of letters written by Leggate from Manchuria between 1946 and 1949. The letters are mainly to his wife in Scotland but some are to his children and possibly to others. The transcriptions do not include the names of the recipients of the letters and are extracts from the letters only, all personal references having been removed. Leggate describes re-establishing the missionary work in Manchuria, in particular his medical work and the medical college at Moukden, and often refers to the activities of other missionaries. He also comments on the actions of the communists in Manchuria and the effect on the church and mission. One of the extracts is a section of a letter from Jean McMinn at Port Said on her way home (1949).

System of arrangement: The transcription is as it was presented to the Centre.


Language: English.

Conditions governing access: Contact the repository for details.

Conditions governing reproduction: Contact the repository for details.

Finding aids: A handlist is available.


Related material: The archives of the Church of Scotland foreign missions are held by the National Library of Scotland and include correspondence with the Leggates. Papers of other missionaries working in Manchuria are held by the Centre for the Study of Christianity in the Non-Western World as are several books on the development of missionary work in Manchuria. Austin Fulton in Through Earthquake Wind and Fire (Edinburgh: The Saint Andrew Press, 1967) describes the missionary work in Manchuria and includes a list of sources.


Archivist's note: Compiled by Caroline Brown, Centre for the Study of Christianity in the Non-Western World, Edinburgh University.

Note: The biographical history was compiled using the following material: (1) the collection itself, (2) Through Earthquake Wind and Fire, Austin Fulton (Edinburgh: The Saint Andrew Press, 1967).

Date(s) of descriptions: 4 June, 2001


Personal names
Leggate | John M.

Corporate names
Church of Scotland

Manchuria (China)