Bogue, David

Reference code(s): GB 0237 Edinburgh University New College Library MSS BOG
Held at: Edinburgh University New College Library
Title: Bogue, David
Date(s) of contents: c 1771-c 1825
Level of description: Fonds
Extent and medium: 9 boxes and 11 volumes


Name of creator(s): Bogue, David (1750-1825)

Administrative/Biographical history: David Bogue, mission promoter and missionary educator, was born in 1750 in Coldingham, Berwickshire, Scotland. The son of John Bogue, a small landowner and magistrate, he studied divinity at Edinburgh University with a view to entering the ministry. As an opponent of the system of church patronage he was unable to find a ministry in Scotland and eventually, in 1777 after some time in London, became pastor at a Congregational church in Gosport, Hampshire. In 1789 he opened a small seminary for training ministers. Bogue has been described as the architect of the modern missionary movement. He was a prominent supporter of evangelism in Hampshire and the Scottish Highlands but, more importantly, was a pioneer of the London Missionary Society (LMS). Sermons, meetings and articles initiated by Bogue led directly to the formation of the LMS in 1785 and he became a long-serving director of the Society. Unable to go to India as a missionary himself he set about training and educating missionaries in his seminary, convinced that such preparation was vital for success. He trained at least 115 missionaries for the LMS, nearly half of them for India, and his lectures were used for training indigenous ministers in the field. Bogue was part of a mission to France in 1802, he was active in establishing the Religious Tract Society and the British and Foreign Bible Society and was a proponent of Jewish missions. With James Bennett he wrote a four volume History of Dissenters which became a standard. He received a D.D. from Yale in 1815. Bogue died in 1825 in Brighton while on a preaching tour on behalf of the LMS.

Custodial history: The papers originally included 'A meditation occasion'd by the earthquake, at London Febr. 8 1749' and 'Thoughts on the Last Judgement' of 1753 bound in one volume. This was removed from the Bogue papers and is stored separately at New College Library reference MSS MED 2 (see Index to Manuscripts).

Immediate source of acquisition: Not clear


Scope and content/abstract: The collection consists of notes on Bogue's lectures at Gosport College (c 1790-1825); notes on Bogue's sermons (1771-1825); notes on missions; addresses to students and ordination charges; and an occasional diary (1793-1797; 1799-1802; 1814-1817).

System of arrangement: The collection is arranged as 11 volumes of lecture notes (MSS BOG 1-6); 3 boxes of lecture notes (MSS BOG 7); 4 boxes of sermons (MSS BOG 8); and 2 boxes of miscellaneous items including diaries (MSS BOG 9).


Language: English.

Conditions governing access: Contact the repository for details.

Conditions governing reproduction: Contact the repository for details.

Finding aids: The Index to Manuscripts held at New College Library mentions the collection. A handlist is filed in the New College Inventory of Manuscripts under MSS BOG.


Related material: New College also holds a collection relating to Bogue's son, David Bogue, consisting mainly of lecture notes from the University of Glasgow (MSS BOGU). An item removed from the Bogue collection is now New College Library reference MSS MED2. New College also holds separately some of Bogue's sermons and sermons by others on the occasion of his funeral.


Archivist's note: Compiled by Caroline Brown, Edinburgh University Library, Special Collections and Archives.

Note: The biographical history was compiled using the following material: (1) Bibliographical Dictionary of Christian Missions, G.H. Anderson (ed.) (New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 1998). (2) Dictionary of Scottish Church History and Theology N.M. de S. Cameron (ed.) (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1993). (3) Dictionary of National Biography L. Stephen (ed.) (London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1886).

Date(s) of descriptions: 7 July 2000


Personal names
Bogue | David | 1750-1825

Corporate names
Gosport Academy
London Missionary Society