Edinburgh World Missionary Conference
Reference code(s): GB 1835 ECM
Held at: Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide (formerly known as the Henry Martyn Centre)
Title: Edinburgh World Missionary Conference
Date(s) of contents: c1823 - c1990
Level of description: Fonds
Extent and medium: 291 files and one microfilm.
Name of creator(s): World Missionary Conference (Edinburgh, 1910)
Administrative/Biographical history: The World Missionary Conference (WMC) was held in Edinburgh in 1910 broke new ground and became the prototype for the world-wide ecumenical conferences that followed. It was three years in the planning and 1,200 representatives of most of the major Christian denominations, with the notable exceptions of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches, attended. The one great action was to create a Continuation Committee to carry out internationally what the WMC had begun. It also led, directly or indirectly, to the rise of the major non-Roman ecumenical structures, most notably the World Council of Churches. Another result of the conference was the encouragement of unity and church union in Asia and Africa.
W. H. Temple Gairdner, Edinburgh 1910: an account and interpretation of the World Missionary Conference (Edinburgh: Oliphant Anderson & Ferrier, 1910).
William Richey Hogg, Ecumenical foundations: a history of the International Missionary Council and its nineteenth-century background (New York: Harper & Bros., 1952).
Immediate source of acquisition: The collection was donated by the Reverend Kenneth Cracknell in 1996 whilst he was President of the Cambridge Theological Federation.
CONTENT AND STRUCTURE
Scope and content/abstract: The collection, which consists of photocopies of documents and articles, can be divided into two sections.
Firstly there are the replies to the questionnaires sent out on behalf of the conference to missionaries in the field; in particular to question four - the missionary message in relation to non-Christian religions. The missionaries are mainly located in Africa and Asia but there are also respondents in South America and Eastern Europe.
Secondly, there are a series of over 100 articles, mostly copies from missionary journals and other publications, covering the background to the conference, an analysis of the replies to the questionnaires as well as assorted articles on missions, many by the missionaries who were in the field at the time of the conference. Dates of publication range from 1823 to 1991.
The collection includes material relating to:
Charles Freer Andrews, James Whitford Bashford, Reginald Stephen Coplestone, George Sherwood Eddy, John Nicol Farquhar, Dr Charlotte Ferguson-Davie, Alexander Garden Fraser, Donald Fraser, William Henry Temple Gairdner, Wilfred Barbrooke Grubb, Henry Gulliford, Henry Theodore Hodgkin, Alfred George Hogg,
George Howells, Robert Allen Hume, Kajinosuke Ibuka, Henry Harris Jessup, John Peter Jones, Copland King, Albertus Christiaan Kruyt, George Alfred Lefroy, Johannes Lepsius, Arthur Lloyd, Bernard Lucas, Donald MacGillivray, Nichol MacNichol, Campbell Naismith Moody, Arthur Evans Moule, Robert Hamill Nassau,
Ramabai Dongre Medhevi (Pandita Ramabai Sarasvati), Timothy Richard, David Bowman Schneder, William Ambrose Shedd, Thomas Ebenezer Slater, Stanley P Smith, Arthur Henderson Smith, William St. Clair Tisdall, Johannes Warneck, Elwood Morris Wherry, Henry Whitehead, Samuel Graham Wilson, and Samuel Marinus Zwemer.
System of arrangement: Files are divided into two sections - the answers to the questionnaires and the articles on missions. Within each section they are subdivided by alphabetical order of the names of the respondent or author. There is also a microfilm of original documents, letters, commissions and reports relating to various aspects of Christian missions in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
ACCESS AND USE
Conditions governing access: Please refer to the repository.
Conditions governing reproduction:
Finding aids: A hand-list detailing each respondent and each article is available.
Related material: The Henry Martyn Centre also holds the papers of the Cambridge Committee for Christian Work in Delhi.
Aberdeen University, Special Libraries and Archives also holds records of the World Missionary Conference, Edinburgh, 1910.
The University of Birmingham, Orchard Learning Resources Centre holds Papers of the Edinburgh Conference Continuation Committee.
Copies: Can be provided.
Note: Compiled using:
Concise dictionary of the Christian world mission, ed. by Stephen Neill, Gerald H. Anderson and John Goodwin (London: Lutterworth Press, 1970).
Biographical dictionary of Christian missions, ed. by Gerald H. Anderson (New York: Simon & Schuster Macmillan, 1998).
A dictionary of Asian Christianity, ed. by Scott W. Sunquist (Cambridge: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2001).
Date(s) of descriptions: April 2001
- INDEX ENTRIES
- Adult education institutions
- Ancient religions
- Communication process
- Field work
- Group communication
- Missionary societies
- Missionary training institutions
- Missionary work
- Primitive religions
- Religious activities
- Religious groups
- Religious organizations
- Research work
- Training centres
- Personal names
- Andrews | Charles Freer | 1871-1940 | Anglican missionary and political campaigner
- Bashford | James Whitford | 1848-1919 | Methodist Bishop in China
- Coplestone | Reginald Stephen | 1835-1925 | Bishop of Calcutta and Metropolitan of the Church of India 1902-1913
- Eddy | George Sherwood | 1871-1963 | secretary of the American Student Volunteer Movement in India
- Farquhar | John Nicol | 1861-1929 | educational missionary
- Ferguson-Davie | Charlotte | ? -1943 | medical missionary
- Fraser | Alexander Garden | 1873-1962 | missionary educator
- Fraser | Donald | 1870-1933 | co-founder of the Student Volunteer Movement in Britain
- Gairdner | William Henry Temple | 1873-1928 | canon and Church Missionary Society missionary in Egypt
- Grubb | Wilfred Barbrooke | 1865-1930 | Anglican missionary and explorer
- Gulliford | Henry | 1852-1937 | Wesleyan missionary
- Hodgkin | Henry Theodore | 1877-1933 | missionary and administrator
- Hogg | Alfred George | 1875-1954 | educational missionary in India
- Howells | George | 1871-1955 | missionary and educator in India
- Hume | Robert Allen | 1847-1929 | American Congregational missionary in India Ibuka | Kajinosuke | 1854-1940 | pioneer pastor and educator
- Jessup | Henry Harris | 1823-1910 | Presbyterian missionary in Syria and the Lebanon
- Jones | John Peter | 1847-1916 | American Congregationalist missionary
- King | Copland | 1863-1918 | co-founder of the New Guinea Anglican Mission
- Kruyt | Albertus Christiaan | 1869-1949 | Dutch Reformed Church missionary
- Lefroy | George Alfred | 1854-1919 | Head of the Cambridge Mission Brotherhood, 1885-1899, Head of the Delhi Mission, 1891-1899 and Bishop of Lahore
- Lepsius | Johannes | 1858-1926 | founder of the Deutscher Hilfsbund Mission
- Lloyd | Arthur | 1852-1911 | missionary with the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Japan
- Lucas | Bernard | 1860-1921 | missionary and founder of the United Theological College in Bangalore
- MacGillivray | Donald | 1862-1931 | Canadian Presbyterian missionary to China
- MacNichol | Nichol | 1870-1952 | missionary and scholar of Hinduism
- Medhevi | Ramabai | 1858-1922 | née Dongre | Indian Christian social reformer | called Pandita Ramabai Sarasvati
- Moody | Campbell Naismith | 1866-1940 | Presbyterian missionary in Taiwan
- Moule | Arthur Evans | 1836-1918 | Church Missionary Society missionary in China
- Nassau | Robert Hamill | 1835-1921 | ordained minister and medical doctor in Equatorial Guinea and Gabon
- Pandita Ramabai Sarasvati x Medhevi | Ramabai
- Richard | Timothy | 1845-1919 | Baptist missionary in China
- Schneder | David Bowman | 1887-1938 | Reformed Church Mission missionary and teacher in Japan
- Shedd | William Ambrose | 1865-1918 | missionary in Iran with the Presbyterian Church of the USA
- Slater | Thomas Ebenezer | 1840-1912 | missionary with the London Missionary Society in India
- Smith | Arthur Henderson | 1845-1932 | missionary to China with the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions
- Smith | Stanley P | 1861-1931 | English missionary and one of the "Cambridge Seven" with the China Inland Mission
- Tisdall | William St Clair | 1859-1928 | Church Missionary Society missionary to Muslims in Lahore and to Iran
- Warneck | Johannes | 1867-1944 | missionary with the Rhenish Mission in Sumatra
- Wherry | Elwood Morris | 1843-1927 | American Presbyterian missionary, teacher and scholar in North India
- Whitehead | Henry | 1853-1947 | Bishop of Madras 1899-1922
- Wilson | Samuel Graham | 1858-1916 | American Presbyterian missionary to the Armenian peoples of Iran
- Zwemer | Samuel Marinus | 1867-1952 | Doctor | founder of the Arabian Mission of the Reformed Church of America
- Corporate names
- American Arabian Mission
- American Baptist Missionary Union
- American Congregational Church
- American Madura Mission
- American Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions
- American Presbyterian Mission
- American Southern Baptist Mission
- Anglican Church
- Baptist Missionary Society
- Basel German Evangelical Missionary Society
- Cambridge Mission in India
- Canadian Presbyterian Church
- China Inland Mission
- Christian Literature Society for China
- Church Missionary Society
- Church of England Oxford Mission to Calcutta
- Church of Scotland
- Church of the Province of South Africa
- Deutscher Hilfsbund Mission
- Dutch Missionary Society
- Dutch Missionary Union
- Dutch Reformed Church
- Dutch Reformed Church in America
- Egypt General Mission
- English Presbyterian Mission
- Episcopal Church, U.S.A.
- Evangelical National Society of Stockholm
- Friends' Foreign Missionary Association
- German Orient Mission
- Java Committee in Amsterdam
- London Missionary Society
- Lutheran Mission
- Methodist Episcopal Church
- Mission Evangelical Society
- Missions of the Christian Church, U.S.A.
- Nederlandsche Zendings Vereening
- New Guinea Anglican Mission
- Presbyterian Church in Canada
- Presbyterian Church of England
- Reformed Church Mission
- Reformed Church in America
- Rhenish Missionary Association
- Scottish Churches Mission
- Society for the Propagation of the Gospel
- South American Missionary Society, Church of England
- Southern Presbyterian Church Mission
- Student Volunteer Movement
- United Free Church of Scotland
- United Presbyterian Church of the USA
- Wesleyan Methodist Church
- Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society
- Winchester Diocesan Missionary Brotherhood
- World Missionary Conference | 1910 | Edinburgh
- Young Mens' Christian Association
- Zenana Bible and Medical Mission
- Caucasian States
- Central Africa
- East Africa
- East Asia
- Eastern Europe
- Equatorial Guinea
- Latin America
- Middle East
- New Guinea
- North Africa
- South Africa
- South America
- South Asia
- Southern Africa
- Sri Lanka
- Syrian AR
- West Africa